Africa is a continent in conflict. Here is a list and description of some of the most gruesome terrorism in African countries.
The Sectarian Violence in Central African Republic (CAR)
Following an Alliance of Muslim rebel groups from the north of Central African Republic united in March 2013 to overthrow a government that has ruled CAR for a decade, the rebels known as Seleka were quickly derided by Christian groups in Bangui, the capital of CAR, after the rebel groups went on a rampage of looting, randomly raping and killing non-combatants.
The Sectarian violence against Muslim in the capital city started when Christian groups accused Muslim groups of allegedly cooperating with the Muslim rebel government that has since stepped aside leaving the leadership of the country in the hands of former Bangui mayor Catherine Samba-Panza as interim president.
Central African Republic is a predominately Christian country and only has a substantial number of Muslim groups across the country specifically to the north near the boarders of Chad and Sudan where Muslim groups are large in numbers. Even though some Muslims have bonds in the neighbouring countries of Chad and Sudan and have since fled to these countries, some of them have been living in CAR for many years. In 2014, thousands of people still remain in hiding and thousand other are effectively restrained and completely unable to escape the terrorist attacks.
The Sudan-South Sudan Boarder War
After 22 years in civil war with each other, Sudan and South Sudan finally ended their long term feud over oil-rich regions when the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement was reinforced making it the longest running civil war in Africa. The war over the control of oil-rich regions and fair distribution of power and wealth amongst the Sudanese population took millions of lives.
With high diversity ethnically and linguistically, South Sudan attained independence in 2011 under the leadership of South Sudanese politician Salva Kirr Mayardit, making it the first new country in Africa after Eritrea part from Ethiopia in 1993, however the two countries still remain bound together by their oil shared industry.
The Libya civil war violence
Located at the top of North Africa with the open boarders of Tunisia and Egypt, Libya is a country to be reckoned with. Shaped by ancient Roman and Greek conurbations and the fine sandy African Sahara, Libya is no doubt one of Africa’s greatest magnetisms. With a population of 6.3 million Libyans and Arabic speaking, making the majority of the population is Islam. This great land attained its independence in 1951 and with the discovery of oil in 1959 Libya was fast transformed into the one of the rapidly growing economies in the world at the time. However, for more than 40 years the evolving African country was lead and governed by Muammar Muhammad Abu Minya al Gaddafi.
Well-known to the world as Colonel Gaddafi, this charismatic frontrunner was not only the state of the head of Libya but as well as the controller of the armed forces during the revolution of 1969. For countless years Gaddafi had been under fire from the Western Intelligence regarding his leadership style and the numerous terrorists attacks that left many families distraught and many more dead in the mid 80’s. In 2011 tensions and rebellion erupted in Libya which rapidly formed what was known as the Libya Civil War. The eminent turmoil was formed by various militias such as guerrillas and Islamists who all came together in the pursuit of overthrowing their four decade leader Gaddafi.
This bloody war and terrorist acts claimed lives of hundreds of civilians and left some wounded and imprisoned. After military interventions by the American and European forces Gaddafi remained unmoved. His resistance even defeated attempts of mediation efforts by South African president Jacob Zuma, Gaddafi insisted he would keep on fighting. Unfortunately for Gaddafi, his undying defiance saw many UN nations open attack on him and defying and condemning him on the grounds of human rights violations. Gaddafi was later captured and killed after a long civil war, leaving Libya still at war between the militias who fought against Gaddafi. This unfortunate uprising warfare is now known as the Libya Post-civil war.
When sending your corporate key personnel on business to Africa, make sure that you fulfil your duty of care by equipping them with the skills and knowledge of how to survive in Africa. Our H.E.A.T courses cover topics on terrorism and how to survive in such hostile environments while travelling in Africa.
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